3 edition of Photosynthetic Rate and Dynamic Environment found in the catalog.
February 29, 2004
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||130|
This global data set of photosynthetic rates and leaf nutrient traits was compiled from a comprehensive literature review. It includes estimates of Vcmax (maximum rate of carboxylation), Jmax (maximum rate of electron transport), leaf nitrogen content (N), leaf phosphorus content (P), and specific leaf area (SLA) data from both experimental and. The net reaction is the transfer of electrons from a water molecule to NADP+, producing the reduced form, NADPH. In the photosynthetic process, much of the energy initially provided by light energy is stored as redox free energy (a form of chemical free energy) in NADPH, to be used later in the reduction of carbon.
Photosynthetic capacity and its relationship to leaf nitrogen content are two of the most sensitive parameters of terrestrial biosphere models (TBM) whose representation in global‐scale simulations has been severely hampered by a lack of systematic analyses using a sufficiently broad database. leaves a plant should maintain at a given time reﬂects a dynamic optimization of maximizing beneﬁt, i.e., photosynthetic income, relative to costs of carbon and nutrient allocation for construction and maintenance. It is dynamic, because as a plant produces new leaves or is overtopped by neighbors, old leaves become shadedFile Size: KB.
The details of photosynthetic processes at the macromolecular and molecular level are discussed based on the results of biochemical, biophysical and genetic studies. The role of photosynthesis in food production and in the global environment are also highlighted. A long final chapter deals with developments in research in photosynthesis from /5(4). 1. Water vapor also leaves through the open stoma 2. In a dry environment, the plant will dry out if its stoma stay open during the day. 3. Photosynthesizing with closed stomata will cause the plant to use all the CO2 in the leaf and to replace it with O2.
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Photosynthetic Rate and Dynamic Environment. Authors: Yabuki, Kazutoshi This book is an attempt to explain these beneficial effects on plants from a field perspective. One fundamental process necessary for plant growth is photosynthesis.
I am going to describe the effects of the natural environment on photosynthetic production, placing Brand: Springer Netherlands. Photosynthetic Rate and Dynamic Environment. Authors (view affiliations) Kazutoshi Yabuki; Book.
7 This book is an attempt to explain these beneficial effects on plants from a field perspective. One fundamental process necessary for plant growth is photosynthesis. I am going to describe the effects of the natural environment on. Get this from a library. Photosynthetic Rate and Dynamic Environment.
[Kazutoshi Yabuki] -- This book deals with photosynthesis and growth of plants/crops from an environmental engineering and environmental physics point of view. A theory to CO2 diffusion or photosynthesis of a. Read "Photosynthetic Rate and Dynamic Environment" by Kazutoshi Yabuki available from Rakuten Kobo.
The association between plants and wind that first comes to mind might be plant damage from a strong wind such as a typh Brand: Springer Netherlands.
The winds this book will 1 discuss, however, are not this strong at all, but rather are only 2 ms or weaker, like a breeze that gently blows over a farming area. Such a breeze, in fact, instills vitality into plants and increases their growth rates.
This book is an attempt to explain these beneficial effects on plants from Photosynthetic Rate and Dynamic Environment book field : Kazutoshi Yabuki.
Photosynthetic rate and dynamic environment. Yabuki Kazutoshi. but decreased in the other (Fig. IV). The generalization is that the photosynthetic rate of a paddy field and sugarcane field are proportional to the 08-power of the wind speed (turbulence), while that in a tropical evergreen forest is proportional to the 05-power of the Author: Agu Laisk.
We found that short-term exposure to high CO2 enhances photosynthetic rate, reduces photosynthetic induction time, and reduces post-illumination CO2 burst, resulting in increased leaf carbon gain during dynamic photosynthesis.
However, long-term exposure to high CO2 during plant growth has varying effects on dynamic by: Schematic diagram of transient net photosynthetic phenomena upon increase and decrease in irradiance: photosynthetic induction in a dark-adapted leaf during a lightfleck (white bar: high irradiance, e.g.
µmol m –2 s –1), followed by post-illumination CO 2 fixation and the post-illumination CO 2 burst after a lightfleck (grey bar: low irradiance, e.g. µmol m –2 Cited by: The previous chapter illustrated not only that wind speed affects the photosynthetic rate, but also that its effects are different from those of other environmental factors.
Of course, it is conceivable that the photosynthetic rate of a plant community, a cluster of single leaves, may be affected by the wind : Kazutoshi Yabuki.
Photosynthetic capacity, that is, the photosynthetic rate per unit leaf mass measured under favorable conditions of light, moisture, and temperature, increases linearly with leaf nitrogen concentration over almost the entire range of nitrogen concentrations found in natural ecosystems (Evans, ; Field and Mooney, ; Poorter, ; Reich.
Measurements of understory light environment and gas exchange were carried out to determine steady state and dynamic photosynthetic responses.
Photosynthesis is the process by which organisms convert light energy into chemical energy in the form of reducing power (as NADPH or NADH) and ATP, and use these chemicals to drive carbon dioxide fixation and reduction to produce sugars. In oxygenic photosynthetic organisms, including higher plants, the source of reducing equivalents is H 2 O, releasing O 2 as a by.
DYNAMIC ENVIRONMENTAL PHOTOSYNTHETIC PHENOTYPING FOR MAPPING RESPONSES OF CROP PLANTS TO ENVIRONMENTAL FLUCTUATIONS Z.
Feng, J. Cruz, L. Savage, D. Kramer, J. Chen, PhenoCurve: Capturing dynamic phenotype-environment relationships using phenomics data, Bioinformatics doi: /bioinformatics/btw Book. Photosynthetic rate and dynamic environment. * Kazutoshi Yabuki, * Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
* 50 (hardback). ppAuthor: Agu Laisk. Define photosynthetic. photosynthetic synonyms, photosynthetic pronunciation, photosynthetic translation, English dictionary definition of photosynthetic. photosynthesis A.
sunlight is absorbed by chlorophyll in a leaf B. carbon dioxide is taken in from the air C. water is transported from the roots D. dynamic regulation of light harvesting.
Figure 1. Dynamic photosynthetic acclimation in Arabidopsis. A, Maximum photosynthetic capacity, measured at 1, μmol m −2 s −1 white light and 2, μL L −1 CO 2 in eight accessions of Arabidopsis grown for 8 weeks at an irradiance of μmol m −2 s −1 and then maintained in the same conditions (white bars) or transferred to μmol m −2 s −1 light.
The light environment of a plant microsite can be highly dynamic with sunflecks lasting from seconds to minutes in length. Whole leaf photosynthetic response to such variations is complex and species—specific.
A mathematical model based on a single enzyme pool is derived to mimic leaf response in varying by: 2 and water vapor that is measured as a proxy of photosynthetic rate. The basic components of a photosynthetic system are the leaf chamber, infrared gas analyzer (IRGA), batteries and a console with keyboard, display and memory.
Modern 'open system' photosynthesis systems also incorporate miniature disposable compressed gas cylinder and gas. The acclimation of plants to light has been studied extensively, yet little is known about the effect of dynamic fluctuations in light on plant phenotype and acclimatory responses.
We mimicked natural fluctuations in light over a diurnal period to examine the effect on the photosynthetic processes and growth of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana).Cited by: Photosynthesis is a process in which the energy of sunlight is captured to oxidize H 2 O and to generate chemical bond energy in the form of ATP and reducing equivalents that can be used to fix inorganic carbon (CO 2).But photosynthesis is continually being tailored over evolutionary time to function in different environments ranging from the near boiling waters of the hot springs to.
Photosynthetic rates, through their effects on growth, can strongly influence the population dynamics of plants in random light environments, but the magnitude of this effect varies between species. In the species for which fitness was independent of A max, Calathea, there would be little opportunity for selection on photosynthetic by: 2.Plants harvest and utilize light energy in a dynamic environment.
Due to clouds, sunflecks or, in case of phytoplankton, due to movement in surface waves, incident irradiance can rapidly fluctuate between levels where pho-tosynthesis barely compensates respiration to peaks reach-ing or exceeding saturation of the photosynthetic reactions [1–4].Numerical integration of the instantaneous net photosynthetic rate (An) is a common method for calculating the long-term CO2 uptake of trees, and accurate dynamic simulation of the crown An has been receiving substantial attention.
Tree characteristics are challenging to assess given their aerodynamically coarse crown properties, spatiotemporal variation in leaf functional traits and Author: Qiang Liu, Longfei Xie, Fengri Li.